Metalinguistic knowledge about the native language and language transfer in gender assignment

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Description: Whereas Standard Dutch only distinguishes between two adnominal grammatical genders, substandard varieties of Belgian Dutch distinguish between three such genders. German, too, distinguishes between three genders. Nevertheless, when assigning gender to German nouns with Dutch cognates, speakers of Belgian Dutch are strongly influenced by Standard Dutch gender but to a much lesser degree (if at all) by substandard gender. On the hypothesis that a lack of metalinguistic knowledge about L1 substandard gender decreases its use as a source for transfer, this study experimentally manipulated the metalinguistic knowledge about L1 substandard gender by 45 speakers of substandard Belgian Dutch varieties. It then assessed how strongly this manipulation affected the participants’ reliance on substandard gender distinctions when assigning gender to L2 German nouns with Dutch cognates. Results confirm the strong influence of Standard Dutch, hint at a weak influence of substandard Dutch, and show no appreciable effect of the experimental manipulation.

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Website This directory contains the website (mostly PHP files) used to collect the data. After giving their informed consent, participants fill in a questionnaire, are assigned to one of the three conditions, receive metalinguistic instructions/training, then take part in the German gender assignment task, and finally in the L1 own use task. Data and Analysis The script metaling_transfer.R contain...

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