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SOBC (Almeida, Sliwinski, Smyth): Phase 1 of Everyday Stress Response Targets in the Science of Behavior Change  /

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Description: The central hypothesis, drawn from stress theory, is that larger initial stressor reactivity, incomplete or slow recovery, and more frequent stress responses will negatively impact health behavior engagement. The rationale for the proposed research is that by identifying the strongest predictors of these health behaviors, stress interventions will be more effective in increasing physical activity and sleep to meet current guidelines (e.g. Center for Disease Control- promoted clinical recommendations). Specific aims extended from this hypothesis include: 1) Test the prediction across 10 intensive longitudinal datasets that stressor reactivity, recovery and pile-up can be identified and are more useful than traditional stress indices, 2) Test the prediction that these three components predict daily physical activity and sleep, 3) Identify characteristics of people who are either more at-risk (or resilient) to these stress interfering with health behaviors, 4) Validate these components in a novel sample, and 5) Test "just-in-time" interventions tied to times when individuals are vulnerable to the effects of stress.

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