Children of the (gender) revolution: a theoretical and empirical synthesis of how gendered division of labour influences fertility

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Description: Gender equity theories of fertility broadly predict that lowest fertility in high-income settings is amongst women facing a ‘double shift’ of both paid and unpaid labour responsibilities, but that fertility will increase when male partners share domestic labour. Here we provide a critique of some gender equity theories of fertility in demography, and restate the hypothesis in terms of complementarity between partners. Further, we suggest authors use an interdisciplinary approach, such as integrating perspectives from evolutionary theory and the ‘Trait-Desires-Intentions-Behaviour’ framework, to provide some consistency to this diverse literature. Building from this theoretical synthesis, we perform a systematic review of 95 pieces of analysis, which broadly supports the idea that fertility will be low where women face a ‘double shift’. This was particularly evident among macro-level studies, micro-level analyses investigating progression to subsequent children, and studies which did not use gender role attitudes as an independent variable. **Keywords** - Fertility - Fertility Intentions - Gender Revolution Theory - Division of Labour - Reproductive Decision-making - Evolutionary theories - Traits-Desires-Intentions-Behaviour

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