Main content


Date created: | Last Updated:


Creating DOI. Please wait...

Create DOI

Category: Project

Description: Social cognition differs from general cognition in its focus on understanding, perceiving, and interpreting social information. However, we argue that the significance of domain-general processes for controlling cognition have been historically undervalued in social neuroscience and social cognition research. We suggest that a foundational axis of social cognition can be explained through specialized feature representations supported by domain-general cognitive control systems. To test this proposal, we develop a comprehensive working model, which is based on an interactive activation and competition architecture and applied to the control of action. As such, we label the model “ICON” (the Interactive, activation and competition model for the Control Of actioN). We then use the ICON model to simulate human performance across various laboratory tasks. Our simulations emphasize that many laboratory-based social tasks do not require socially-specific control systems, such as those that are argued to rely on theory-of-mind networks. Moreover, our model clarifies that perceived disruptions in social cognition, even in what appears to be disruption to the control of social cognition, can stem from deficits in social representation instead. We advocate for a "default stance" in social cognition, where control is usually general, but representation is specific. This study underscores the importance of integrating social cognition within the broader realm of domain-general control processing, offering a unified perspective on task processing.


Loading files...


Recent Activity

Loading logs...

OSF does not support the use of Internet Explorer. For optimal performance, please switch to another browser.
This website relies on cookies to help provide a better user experience. By clicking Accept or continuing to use the site, you agree. For more information, see our Privacy Policy and information on cookie use.

Start managing your projects on the OSF today.

Free and easy to use, the Open Science Framework supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery.