Preventive interventions for paternal perinatal depression: a scoping review protocol
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Description: Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to map the literature describing preventive interventions for paternal perinatal depression. Introduction: Depression is the common mental disorder experienced by not only mothers but also fathers in the period surrounding childbirth. Perinatal depression has negative consequences for expectant and experienced fathers, and suicide is the most serious adverse effect. Impaired father–child relationships can also result from perinatal depression, negatively impacting child health and development. Moreover, in some cases, both parents suffer from depression simultaneously. Considering its severe effects, early prevention of perinatal depression is important. However, little is known about preventive interventions for paternal perinatal depression including Asian population. Inclusion criteria: This scoping review will consider studies of preventive interventions for perinatal depression in men whose wife or partner is pregnant and new fathers (less than 1 year postpartum). Preventive intervention includes any form of intervention intended to prevent perinatal depression. Primary prevention intended to promote mental health will also be included as long as depression is included as an outcome. Interventions for those with a formal diagnosis of depression will be excluded. Methods: MEDLINE (EBSCOhost), CINAHL (EBSCOhost), PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ichushi-Web (Japan’s medical literature database) will be searched for published studies, and Google Scholar and ProQuest Health and Medical Collection will be searched for gray literature. Screening and data extraction will be performed by two independent reviewers. Data will be extracted using a standardized data extraction tool and presented in diagrammatic or tabular form, accompanied by a narrative summary.