Main content


Date created: | Last Updated:


Creating DOI. Please wait...

Create DOI

Category: Project

Description: Around 22% of the U.S. population are multilingual. Yet, the U.S. are characterized by pervasive monolingual ideologies. We conducted a corpus-assisted discourse study to investigate whether – and how – monolingual ideologies and their effects manifest in social media representations of Spanish as a heritage language. We analysed two corpora (one English, one Spanish – over 30 million words in total) consisting of recent Twitter data. We examined frequencies, collocations, concordance lines, and larger text segments. The results revealed abundant evidence of normative monolingualism (drawing on the one-nation-one-language ideology and language purity ideologies) as well as raciolinguistic ideologies. We discuss how the semiotic processes of iconization and erasure lead to the (evidently erroneous) essentialisation of Spanish heritage language speakers as a homogeneous group of un-American, racialized immigrants with broken language. This discursive creation of difference constitutes the basis for the systematic discrimination of Spanish heritage language speakers, thus reflecting and reproducing social inequality.


Add important information, links, or images here to describe your project.


Loading files...


Recent Activity

Loading logs...

OSF does not support the use of Internet Explorer. For optimal performance, please switch to another browser.
This website relies on cookies to help provide a better user experience. By clicking Accept or continuing to use the site, you agree. For more information, see our Privacy Policy and information on cookie use.

Start managing your projects on the OSF today.

Free and easy to use, the Open Science Framework supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery.