Teleological generics

Date created: | Last Updated:

: DOI | ARK

Creating DOI. Please wait...

Create DOI

Category: Project

Description: Certain “generic” generalizations concern functions and purposes, e.g., /cars are for driving/. Some functional properties yield unacceptable teleological generics: for instance, /cars are for parking/ seems false even though people park cars as often as they drive them. No theory of teleology in philosophy or psychology can explain what makes teleological generics acceptable. However, a recent theory (Prasada, 2017; Prasada & Dillingham, 2006; Prasada et al., 2013) argues that a certain type of mental representation – a “principled” connection between a kind and a property – licenses generic generalizations. The account predicts that people should accept teleological generics that describe kinds and properties linked by a principled connection. Under the analysis, /car/ bears a principled connection to /driving/ (a car’s primary purpose) and a non-principled connection to /parking/ (an incidental consequence of driving). We report four experiments that tested and corroborated the theory’s predictions, and we describe a regression analysis that rules out alternative accounts. We conclude by showing how the theory we developed can serve as the foundation for a general theory of teleological thinking.

License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International

Has supplemental materials for Teleological generics on PsyArXiv

Wiki

What is "TE14", etc? The names of the folders below (e.g., "Experiment 1") correspond to the descriptions in Korman and Khemlani (under review). The code, data, and analysis scripts also reflect a separate abbreviation system used for tracking experiments. Hence, "Experiment 1" corresponds to "TE14", i.e., the 14th experiment conducted for studying TEleological generics. How do you run an experime...

Files

Loading files...

Citation

Components

  • Teleological Generalizations (Paper) | Registered: 2018-06-21 01:49 UTC


    Recent Activity

    Loading logs...

  • Teleological Generalizations (Paper) | Registered: 2018-06-15 03:43 UTC


    Recent Activity

    Loading logs...

  • Teleological Generalizations (Paper) | Registered: 2018-02-22 21:37 UTC


    Recent Activity

    Loading logs...

Tags

Recent Activity

Loading logs...

OSF does not support the use of Internet Explorer. For optimal performance, please switch to another browser.
Accept
This website relies on cookies to help provide a better user experience. By clicking Accept or continuing to use the site, you agree. For more information, see our Privacy Policy and information on cookie use.
Accept
×

Start managing your projects on the OSF today.

Free and easy to use, the Open Science Framework supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery.