Main content

  1. Jebbe van der Werf

Date created: | Last Updated:


Creating DOI. Please wait...

Create DOI

Category: Project

Description: Shoal margin collapses of several Mm3 have occurred in the Western Scheldt estuary, the Netherlands, on average five times a year over the last decades. While these collapses involve significant volumes of material, their effect on the channel-shoal morphology is unknown. We hypothesise that collapses dynamicise the channel-shoal interactions, which could impact the ecological functioning, flood safety and navigation in the estuary. The objective is to investigate how locations, probability, type and volume of shoal margin collapse affect the channel-shoal dynamics. We implemented an empirically-validated parameterization for shoal margin collapses and tested its effect on simulated estuary morphological development in a Delft3D schematization of the Western Scheldt. Three sets of scenarios were analyzed for near-field and far-field effects on flow pattern and channel shoal morphology: 1) an observed shoal margin collapse of 2014, 2) initial large collapses on 10 locations, and 3) continuous collapses predicted by our novel probabilistic model over a time span of decades. Results show that single shoal margin collapses only affect the local dynamics in the longitudinal flow direction and dampen out within a year for typical volumes, whereas larger disturbances that reach the seaward or landward sill at tidal channel junctions grow. The redistribution of the collapsed sediment is determined by the direction of the strongest tidally-averaged flow. We conclude that adding the process of shoal margin collapses increases the channel-shoal interactions, and that in intensively dredged estuaries shoal margins oversteepen, amplifying the number of collapses, but because of dredging the natural morphological response is interrupted.

License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International


Loading files...



Recent Activity

Loading logs...

OSF does not support the use of Internet Explorer. For optimal performance, please switch to another browser.
This website relies on cookies to help provide a better user experience. By clicking Accept or continuing to use the site, you agree. For more information, see our Privacy Policy and information on cookie use.

Start managing your projects on the OSF today.

Free and easy to use, the Open Science Framework supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery.