Investigating the Interaction between Associative, Semantic, and Thematic Database Norms for Memory Judgments and Retrieval

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Description: This study examined the interactive relationship between semantic, thematic, and associative word pair strength in the prediction of judgments and cued-recall performance. One hundred and twelve participants were recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk. They were shown word pairs of varying relatedness and were then asked to judge these word pairs for their semantic, thematic, and associative strength. After completing a distractor task, participants then completed a cued recall task. The data was then analyzed through multilevel modeling, incorporating a logistic regression to account for the binary nature of the recall. Four hypotheses were tested. First, we sought to expand previous work on memory judgments to include three types of judgments of memory, while also replicating bias and sensitivity findings. Next, we tested for an interaction between the three database norms (FSG, COS, and LSA) when predicting participant judgments. Third, we extended this analysis to test for interactions between the three database norms when predicting recall. In both our second and third hypothesis, significant three-way interactions were found between FSG, COS, and LSA when predicting judgments or recall. For low semantic feature overlap, thematic and associative strength were competitive; as thematic strength increased, associative predictiveness decreased. However, this trend reversed for high semantic feature overlap, wherein thematic and associative strength were complimentary as both set of simple slopes increased together. Finally, we showed that judgment-database slopes were predictive of recall.

License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International

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This study examined the interactive relationship between semantic, thematic, and associative word pair strength in the prediction of judgments and cued-recall performance. One hundred MTurk participants were shown word pairs of varying relatedness, and asked to judge these word pairs for their semantic, thematic, and associative strength. After completing a distractor task, participants then compl...

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