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<p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>In daily life, people often combine strategies to regulate their emotions. However, to date, most research has investigated strategies as if they occur independently from one another. The current study aims to better understand the interplay between emotion regulation strategies by investigating how reappraisal and rumination interact to affect emotional experience. After participants (N=156) recalled a recent anger-provoking event, they were instructed to either a) reappraise the event twice, b) reappraise the event, and then ruminate about the event, c) ruminate about the event, and then reappraise the event, or d) ruminate twice about the event. For the first strategy used, we replicated a large body of research in finding that reappraisal was associated with a decrease in anger, but rumination was associated with no change in anger. When looking at the combination of two strategies, we found a small interactive effect, such that those who ruminated and then reappraised showed a larger initial decrease in anger than those who reappraised then ruminated. There were no other differences between groups. This suggests that the second strategy does have an effect over and beyond the first strategy, but this effect is small in size, highlighting the importance of the initial emotion regulation strategy used. </p> <p><strong>NOTES</strong></p> <p>Here, you will find a detailed experimental protocol document, and under the Data area, you'll find the deidentified dataset and R-script. </p>
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