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<h1><strong>Hittite Local Cults</strong></h1> <p>A project by <a href="https://osf.io/5qjpk/wiki/home/?view" rel="nofollow">Michele Cammarosano</a>, funded by the <em>Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft</em> (2016-2019, project number <a href="http://gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/298302760" rel="nofollow">298302760</a>) and based at the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, <a href="http://www.altorientalistik.uni-wuerzburg.de/forschung/hittite_local_cults/" rel="nofollow">Ancient Near Eastern Studies</a> </p> <hr> <h2><img alt="enter image description here" src="https://mfr.osf.io/export?url=https://osf.io/bz5vx/?action=download&direct&mode=render&initialWidth=656&childId=mfrIframe&format=1200x1200.jpeg"></h2> <hr> <h2>Project Description</h2> <p><strong>Critical edition, digital publication, and systematic analysis of the Hittite cult-inventories (CTH 501-530)</strong></p> <p>The research project aims to provide a comprehensive digital edition of the Hittite cult-inventories, a searchable database of the Hittite local cults, and selected studies of related topics, thus providing the basis for further research in the fields of ancient Near Eastern studies, historical linguistics, and comparative history of religions.</p> <p>The so-called cult-inventories constitute one of the most interesting and, at the same time, one of the least investigated corpora within the Hittite written records. These texts report on the state of religious festivals, rites, cult objects, and cult supplies in a great number of provincial towns and villages under Hittite control, thereby documenting the interaction between central administration and local settlements. As such, they do not concern the official “State cults”, but rather a variety of peculiar rites and customs, which preserve indigenous traditions of local settlements. Because of its nature and amplitude, this corpus represents an unicum within the ancient Near East, which is also of utmost relevance for the comparative history of religions as well as for centre-periphery studies. The corpus primarily pertains to the topics of Anatolian historical geography, regional and local Hittite panthea, religious iconography, production and logistics of cult supplies, religious traditions, cult personnel, and participation of village communities in rites and festivals.</p> <p>The research project pursues three main goals:</p> <p><strong>Digital edition of the corpus:</strong> Redefinition, typological reclassification and critical edition of all published Hittite cult-inventories (ca. 500 fragments at present). The digital editions will be freely accessible on the Hethitologie-Portal Mainz of the Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz (HPM: <a href="http://www.hethiter.net" rel="nofollow">www.hethiter.net</a>).</p> <p><strong>Database “Hittite Local Cults”:</strong> Selected content features are automatically exported into an interoperable database, which will be integrated in the HPM as well. The database, linked with existing databases and text corpora within the HPM, will facilitate the retrieval of text strings, parallel passages, and clusters of specific items through extended query tools and multivariate analysis.</p> <p><strong>Thematic studies:</strong> The potential of the digital editions and of the database will be used to carry out selected studies on specific aspects of the Hittite religion and cult administration. Investigations of the following topics are planned: structure of local panthea, historical geography, iconography of the deities, cult management, economic aspects of the cult, festivals and cult calendar, offering practice, text structure and layout, language and palaeography. </p> <h2>Cooperations</h2> <ul> <li><em>Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz</em>, project <a href="http://www.adwmainz.de/projekte/corpus-der-hethitischen-festrituale/kooperationspartner.html" rel="nofollow">„<em>Das Corpus der hethitischen Festrituale: staatliche Verwaltung des Kultwesens im spätbronzezeitlichen Anatolien</em>“</a> (direction: Prof. Daniel Schwemer, Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Rieken)</li> <li>Dr. Jürgen Lorenz (Philipps-Universität Marburg)</li> <li>Prof. Andreas Schachner (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Istanbul)</li> <li>Dr. Ulf Schoop (University of Edinburgh)</li> <li>Prof. Daniel Schwemer (Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg)</li> <li>Dr. Adam Kryszeń (University of Warsaw)</li> <li>Prof. Federico Giusfredi (University of Verona)</li> </ul> <hr> <p><img alt="enter image description here" src="https://mfr.osf.io/export?url=https://osf.io/598af/?action=download&mode=render&direct&public_file=True&initialWidth=652&childId=mfrIframe&parentTitle=OSF%20%7C%20publ%20img%202.jpg&parentUrl=https://osf.io/598af/&format=2400x2400.jpeg"></p> <h2>Project publications</h2> <ul> <li><em><a href="https://www.sbl-site.org/publications/Books_WAW.aspx" rel="nofollow">Hittite Local Cults</a></em>, Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018 (<em>Writings from the Ancient World</em>, no. 40) - <strong>Reviews</strong>: by Gary Beckman, in <a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/wn4qd/?direct%26mode=render%26action=download%26mode=render" rel="nofollow">BASOR 383</a>; by Selim Adalı, in <a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/a94zx/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">RBL 7/19</a>; by Francesco Barsacchi, in <a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/a94zx/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">BSO 82/3</a></li> <li>"<a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/29w3a/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow"><em>Ḫuwaši</em>. Cult Stelae and Stela Shrines in Hittite Anatolia</a>," in: B. Engels – S. Huy – Ch. Steitler (eds.), <em>Natur und Kult in Anatolien</em>, Istanbul: Eğe Yayınları, 2019 (Byzas 24), 303-322.</li> <li>"<a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/nwxyg/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">Kultinventare aus Kayalıpınar (Šamuḫa)</a>," in E. Rieken (ed.), <em>Keilschrifttafeln aus Kayalıpınar 1 (1999–2017)</em>. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2019 (<em>Documenta Antiqua Asiae Minoris</em> 1), 47-110.</li> <li>"<a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/ngev6/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">Kultbild. Bei den Hethitern. Philologisch</a>." <em>Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie</em>, Bd. 15 7/8: <em>Ausgewählte Nachträge</em>, 2018, 413-417.</li> <li><a href="https://osf.io/v9dp2/wiki/home/" rel="nofollow"><em>Hittite Divine Names</em></a> (digital publication; an update of B. van Gessel's <em><a href="https://brill.com/view/title/17465" rel="nofollow">Onomasticon of the Hittite Pantheon</a></em>)</li> <li>"<a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/gf5kw/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">Der hethitische Staatskult als Öffentliches Gut</a>," in M. Hutter, S. Hutter-Braunsar (eds.), <em>Economy of Religions in Anatolia: From the Early Second to the Middle of the First Millennium BCE. Proceedings of an International Conference in Bonn (23rd to 25th May 2018)</em>, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2019 (AOAT 467), 21-28. Co-authored with Jürgen Lorenz.</li> <li>"<a href="https://osf.io/ujc53/" rel="nofollow">Linguistic text types in 13th c. Hittite: A research program</a>," in St. de Martino, E. Devecchi (eds.), <em>Anatolia between the 13th and the 12th Century BCE</em> (Eothen 23), 2020, 45-67. Co-authored with Elisabeth Rieken.</li> <li>"Local Priests in Hittite Anatolia," in Sh. Gordin (ed.), Proceedings of the conference <em>Priests and Priesthood in the Near East: Social, Intellectual and Economic Aspects. Tel Aviv University, March 19–21, 2018</em>, <em>Archiv für Orientforschung</em>, in print.</li> </ul> <p>... for more materials & tools visit <em><a href="https://osf.io/ghazk/wiki/home/" rel="nofollow">Cuneiform Tidbits</a></em>; publications are available for download <a href="https://osf.io/vj2e8/wiki/home/?view" rel="nofollow">here</a></p> <h2>Presentations</h2> <ul> <li>Invited talk: <em>Linguistic Text Types in 13th Century Hittite: A Research Program</em> (together with Elisabeth Rieken). Conference <a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/5j8nk/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">"Anatolia Between the 13th and the 12th Century B.C.E."</a>, January 22-23, University of Turin</li> <li>Invited talk: <em>The Economic, Social, and Religious Relevance of Local Priests in Hittite Anatolia</em>. Conference <a href="https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https://osf.io/5wx9m/?action=download&mode=render" rel="nofollow">"Priests and Priesthood in the Near East: Social, Intellectual and Economic Aspects."</a> Tel Aviv University, 19 - 21 March 2018.</li> <li>Talk: <em>Syntactic Relations in Heterographic Environment: The Case of the Hittite Cult Inventories</em>. Marburg, RAI 63, 25 July 2017. </li> <li>Talk: <em>Party im Archiv: die Fachsprache der hethitischen Kultinventare</em>. Würzburg, Colloquium <em><a href="https://osf.io/3hvjs/" rel="nofollow">Ritual und Terminologie: Phasen antiker Rituale und ihre Bezeichnungen</a></em>, 8 Sept 2017.</li> </ul>
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