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<p><strong>Original citation.</strong> Ersner-Hershfield, H. H., Mikels, J. A., Sullivan, S. J., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). Poignancy: mixed emotional experience in the face of meaningful endings. <em>Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94</em>(1), 158-167.</p> <p><strong>Target of replication.</strong> The original finding was that people experience more mixed emotions when they are reminded that they are at the end of an experience compared to when they are not reminded. We focus on Study 2 (of 2) in the paper, which surveyed college graduates on graduation day. Some graduates were randomly assigned to be reminded that this was their last day as students, while others were not reminded. Then graduates rated the emotions they were feeling.</p> <p><strong>A priori replication criteria.</strong> A successful replication would find a statistically significant difference between the extent of mixed emotions reported by graduates reminded that they were experiencing their last day as students versus graduates who were not reminded. We follow the original article's definition of "mixed emotions," which is MIN(Happiness, Sadness). Higher values represent more mixed emotions. See methods node for more details.</p> <p><strong>Materials, Data, and Report.</strong> Materials and planning can be found in the materials component of this project. A total of 222 graduates were surveyed with the one-page survey at the University of Virginia graduation ceremonies in 2012, 2013, and 2014. Data collection was completed in May 2014.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the a priori criterion, the replication was not successful. We cannot rule out whether this is because the study was a field study and therefore harder to control. We also cannot rule out whether there is a difference in sample (University of Virginia versus Stanford) that led to the discrepancy. We also cannot rule out whether this replication failed because we surveyed graduates right before the graduation ceremony, as opposed to directly after the graduation ceremony.</p> <p>To gain more clarity on the question of whether endings cause more mixed emotions, researchers could attempt to replicate the laboratory study (Study 1) in the original paper. Since the original article was published, the original authors have replicated the laboratory study (Ersner-Hershfield, Carvel, & Isaacowitz, 2009). This would allow for more control over the external environment. </p>
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