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Men are hypothesized to show stronger preferences for physical attractiveness in potential mates than women are, particularly when assessing the attractiveness of potential mates for short-term relationships. By contrast, women are thought to show stronger preferences for social status in potential mates than men are, particularly when assessing the attractiveness of potential mates for long-term relationships. These mate-preference sex differences are often claimed to be ‘universal’ (i.e., stable across cultures). Consequently, we will use an established “budget allocation” task to investigate Chinese and UK participants’ preferences for physical attractiveness and social status in potential mates.