(in)direct speech and source memory


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Description: The aim of this project is to investigate the influence of speech (direct vs indirect speech) on source memory. The literature suggests that the use of direct speech leads to more vivid mental representations than indirect speech. Where direct speech seem to focus on the exact wording that is used (i.e., what was said), we hypothesize that indirect speech focuses on source memory (e.g., who said what).


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  • Experiment 3

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  • Experiment 4

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  • The Influence of Direct and Indirect Speech on Source Memory

    People perceive the same situation described in direct speech (e.g., John said, “I like the food at this restaurant”) as more vivid and perceptually e...

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