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<p>Growing public awareness of the issues facing the transgender community has highlighted the dearth of measures available to predict beliefs about transgender people. In particular, it is unclear whether such beliefs are associated with implicit attitudes about transgender people. Two studies introduce and validate a novel Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee & Schwartz, 1998) assessing implicit attitudes towards transgender people. Study 1 (N = 259) finds that implicit and explicit transgender attitudes were reliably associated with self-reported transphobia and support for transgender-related policies. Study 2 (N = 2276) finds that, after controlling for explicit transgender attitudes, implicit attitudes predict contact with transgender people, belief in misconceptions about transgender people, gender essentialism, and hostile and benevolent sexism, but not transphobia or transgender-related policies. This works introduces a reliable measure of implicit transgender attitudes and illustrates how such attitudes independently predict meaningful beliefs or experiences.</p>
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