There are some traits/actions that are descriptive traits -- they are thought to describe the typical boy/girl. Other traits are prescriptive -- they are thought to be desirable for the ideal boy/girl (a boy SHOULD be X). Still others are proscriptive -- they are thought the be undesirable for the ideal boy/girl (a boy SHOULD NOT be X). Previous research has found that adults who demonstrated proscriptive traits for their gender are penalized in hiring and mentoring decisions (e.g., Rudman, Moss-Racusin, Phelan, & Nauts, 2012). The present study asks whether young children who display gender prescriptive vs. gender proscriptive traits are also penalized.
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