Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED)

  1. Margarida Garrido

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Description: Norms for Emoji and Emoticons in Seven Evaluative Dimensions


The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users’ interpretation always corresponds to the developers/researchers intended meaning might be misleading. This paper presents subjective norms of emoji and emotico...


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