We tackle methodological challenges in experimental research on Condition C reconstruction in A′-movement. We point out shortcomings of previous experimental work in that it (i) relies on arbitrary thresholds for the presence/absence of a Condition C effect and (ii) fails to take relevant non-syntactic factors into account. We present two experiments on Condition C reconstruction in German that address these challenges. Experiment 1 involves a design that allows us to test Condition C effects without reference to thresholds by comparing subjects and objects, which is particularly easy in SOV-languages. Experiment 2 investigates to what extent the subject-object contrast can be related to non-syntactic factors. Our results show that there is a signiﬁcant subject-object contrast, suggesting that the base-position of A′-movement matters. At the same time, once the referent of the R-expression within the wh-phrase is previously established in the discourse, the difference between subjects and objects becomes very small (conﬁrming a suggestion in Bruening & Al Khalaf 2019). Our results thus suggest that Condition C should be treated as a soft constraint (cf., e.g., Gor & Syrett 2019) that interacts with/can be overriden by plausibility and salience.
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