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In three experiments, we tested whether LGBTQ+ individuals experience greater psychological well-being when they feel other groups support (versus restrict) their community's collective autonomy to express its social identity. LGBTQ+ individuals recruited from a Canadian city (Experiment 1a), and nationally from the United States (Experiment 1b), retrospectively recalled feeling more personal autonomous need satisfaction, and in turn, greater psychological well-being during a time in their community’s history when they felt their collective autonomy was supported (versus restricted). In Experiment 2, US participants reported greater personal autonomous need satisfaction and psychological well-being after reflecting on how their community presently had versus lacked collective autonomy. Effects remained robust controlling for anti-LGBTQ+ discrimination, personal autonomy support, and openness about one’s gender/sexuality identity.
In this project folder: We include a supplemental material document containing all materials shown to participants (including question items not focused on in the present project). We also include anonymized data files for all 3 studies featured in this project. In these data files we include all participants to view our experimental manipulations, including those we excluded for failing attention checks or for not granting access to their data on the data release form: note we have removed all specific responses for those who did not release their data, we just leave what condition they were assigned to. We only include data for variables of focus in this project with the exception of data on group identification responses and demographics. We are also happy to make data for the other variables available upon request. Lastly, we provide syntax used for all exclusions, mean computations, and analyses discussed in the paper.