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Across four studies, we examined the effectiveness of misinformation debunks created for the 2017 French election. We measured both memory for the article and belief in the debunked rumor. In both US and French samples, reading the debunk decreased belief in the false information, even one week later. However, participants failed to remember many of the details from the article. In addition, informative design features such as an icon identifying the type of misinformation were ignored by readers. Overall, we find that misinformation debunks can be effective, but readers tend to forget the details and ignore peripheral information.
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