## Open Science at Universities ## In order to increase transparency and credibility in science, universities must enable and reward such actions. Below are specific steps, policies, or resources that universities can take to incentive open science. @[toc] ### Policies ### - Template of [TOP Guidelines for research institutes]. - Become a signatory of [DORA] or [TOP]. - [European Open Science Policy Platform] - [Recommendations from the G7 Science Ministers]: - Include Open Science research indicators and metrics during the evaluation and assessment of researchers - Ensure every researcher’s ability to deposit, access, and analyze scientific data across disciplines and borders - Adhere to the FAIR data principles of being findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable - Train researchers in Open Science and data skills - Develop common good practice standards - This [Author Compliance Tool by Wiley] includes university policies about data sharing, preprints, and open access publishing. ### What Universities are Doing to Promote Open Science ### - [Berlin’s Charité University Hospital] - [...Incentives to raise awareness and nudge clinicians and researchers toward adopting responsible research and open science practices. For example, any institutional investigator can apply to receive a 1,000-Euro research bonus for publishing a null result, a replication study, a preregistered preclinical study, a paper that reuses data previously published by others, or a study that included patient engagement.] - Applicants now answer questions related to a variety of scholarly outputs including open science, team science, and stakeholder engagement. - The [University of Bristol] described open science practices in its hiring criteria and is establishing a new [Chair of Academic Research Quality and Improvement and six associated Fellowships]. - The [Open Science Center at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München] (Ludwig Maximilian University, LMU, of Munich). A result of the work by [their open science committee] - [Southern Methodist University, SMU Department of Psychology]'s [open science policy] - [Towards an Open Science Programme for Utrecht University] - [TU Delft Guidelines for Open Science] - [The CITEC Open Science Manifesto] - [Open Science at Arizona State University] - [Open Scholarship at Indiana University Bloomington] - [University of Helsinki] - [University of New Hampshire] - [University of Leicester] - [Universities UK] - [Leibniz Information Centre for Economics at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel] - [University of Eastern Finland] - Master's students at the University of Amersterdam Psychology Department must clearly indicate whether or not results arise from confirmatory or exploratory processes. See the internship proposal form [here]. - [Open UBC] - A curated collection of resources for faculty and students to learn about the why, what and how of open education practices and what they mean to teaching and learning at UBC - The University of Utah Department of Psychology [requires that Masters' proposals be preregistered] - Carnegie Mellon University Libraries has an [Open Science Program] - Supports collaborative, transparent, and reusable research across all disciplines with digital research tools, trainings, events, outreach and partnership with other campus units, and a team of expert consultants and collaborators. ### Examples of job announcements that mention open science ### - [Department of Psychology, University of Oregon] - [Department of Psychology at the Faculty of Human Sciences of the University of Cologne] - [Model job language] - "Our department embraces the values of open science and strives for replicable and reproducible research. We therefore support transparent research with open data, open material, and pre-registrations. Candidates are asked to describe in what way they have already pursued and/or plan to pursue open science." [from University of Toronto] - Add a new question to standardized committee interview: "Describe any steps you have taken to implement the principles of open science in your research" ([Shared] by Russell Warne from Utah Valley University) - Additional examples compiled by Felix Schönbrodt here: https://osf.io/7jbnt/ ### Resources ### - "[How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion, and tenure documents?]" - "[Assessing scientists for hiring, promotion, and tenure]" - [OSF for Institutions] is a free scholarly web tool that enhances transparency, fosters collaboration, and increases the visibility of research outputs at the institutional level. - A [leaderboard] of universities whose researchers have taken the [Prereg Challenge]. ### Current misuse of journal metrics in university decision making ### - [Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations] - "We... collected and analyzed [review, promotion, and tenure] documents from a representative sample of 129 universities from the United States and Canada and 381 of their academic units. We found that 40% of doctoral, research-intensive (R-type) institutions and 18% of master’s, or comprehensive (M-type) institutions explicitly mentioned the JIF, or closely related terms, in their RPT documents." - [Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?] - "...we analyzed review, promotion, and tenure documents from a representative sample of 129 universities in the US and Canada. Terms and concepts related to public and community are mentioned in a large portion of documents, but mostly in ways that relate to service, which is an undervalued aspect of academic careers." ---------- : https://osf.io/uaw8z/ : https://sfdora.org/sign/ : http://cos.io/top : https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm?pg=open-science-policy-platform : https://www.openaire.eu/g7-science-ministers-endorse-open-science : https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/open-access/author-compliance-tool.html : https://sfdora.org/2018/07/06/simple-questions-big-insights-charite-uses-bio-sketch-questions-to-recruit-faculty/ : https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.3000576 : https://www.researchprofessionalnews.com/rr-news-uk-views-of-the-uk-2019-10-promoting-openness/ : https://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2019/november/research-quality.html : http://www.osc.uni-muenchen.de/index.html : https://osf.io/nptd9/ : https://www.smu.edu/dedman/academics/departments/psychology : https://www.smu.edu/-/media/Site/Dedman/Academics/Departments/Psychology/2018/Policy-on-Open-Science-032218.pdf?la=en&hash=81AC2C5C64A648B7D09E137F6AEFB8930E84CA48 : https://open-science.sites.uu.nl/ : http://openscienceguide.tudelft.nl/ : https://www.cit-ec.de/en/open-science/manifesto : https://libguides.asu.edu/openaccess/opendata-science : https://openscholarship.indiana.edu/ : https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/higher-education-science-policy/clearing-the-roadblocks-on-the-way-to-open-science : http://libraryguides.unh.edu/datamanagement/opendata : https://www2.le.ac.uk/services/research-data/find-and-share-data/open-access : http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/policy-and-analysis/research-policy/open-science : http://www.zbw.eu/en/research/science-2-0/ : http://www.uef.fi/en/web/open-uef/avoin-tiede : https://student.uva.nl/rmp/research-projects/internship/internship.html : https://open.ubc.ca/ : https://psych.utah.edu/_documents/graduate/dev-psych-handbook-jan2019.pdf : https://www.library.cmu.edu/datapub/open-science : https://osf.io/3yeqd/ : https://osf.io/erb2y/ : https://osf.io/24xr3/ : https://utoronto.taleo.net/careersection/10050/jobdetail.ftl?job=1803593&tz=GMT-04:00 : https://twitter.com/Russwarne/status/1070521807801729024 : https://hcommons.org/deposits/item/hc:21015/ : http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.2004089&rev=2 : https://cos.io/our-products/osf-institutions/ : https://osf.io/x5w7h/wiki/06%20Leaderboard/ : http://cos.io/prereg : https://peerj.com/preprints/27638/ : https://elifesciences.org/articles/42254
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