Universities

Menu

Loading wiki pages...

View
Wiki Version:
## Open Science at Universities ## In order to increase transparency and credibility in science, universities must enable and reward such actions. Below are specific steps, policies, or resources that universities can take to incentive open science. @[toc] ### Policies ### - Template of [TOP Guidelines for research institutes][1]. - Become a signatory of [DORA][2] or [TOP][3]. - [European Open Science Policy Platform][4] - [Recommendations from the G7 Science Ministers][5]: - Include Open Science research indicators and metrics during the evaluation and assessment of researchers - Ensure every researcher’s ability to deposit, access, and analyze scientific data across disciplines and borders - Adhere to the FAIR data principles of being findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable - Train researchers in Open Science and data skills - Develop common good practice standards - This [Author Compliance Tool by Wiley][6] includes university policies about data sharing, preprints, and open access publishing. ### What Universities are Doing to Promote Open Science ### - [Berlin’s Charité University Hospital][7] - [...Incentives to raise awareness and nudge clinicians and researchers toward adopting responsible research and open science practices. For example, any institutional investigator can apply to receive a 1,000-Euro research bonus for publishing a null result, a replication study, a preregistered preclinical study, a paper that reuses data previously published by others, or a study that included patient engagement.][8] - Applicants now answer questions related to a variety of scholarly outputs including open science, team science, and stakeholder engagement. - The [University of Bristol][9] described open science practices in its hiring criteria and is establishing a new [Chair of Academic Research Quality and Improvement and six associated Fellowships][10]. - The [Open Science Center at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München][11] (Ludwig Maximilian University, LMU, of Munich). A result of the work by [their open science committee][12] - [Southern Methodist University, SMU Department of Psychology][13]'s [open science policy][14] - [Towards an Open Science Programme for Utrecht University][15] - [TU Delft Guidelines for Open Science][16] - [The CITEC Open Science Manifesto][17] - [Open Science at Arizona State University][18] - [Open Scholarship at Indiana University Bloomington][19] - [University of Helsinki][20] - [University of New Hampshire][21] - [University of Leicester][22] - [Universities UK][23] - [Leibniz Information Centre for Economics at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel][24] - [University of Eastern Finland][25] - Master's students at the University of Amersterdam Psychology Department must clearly indicate whether or not results arise from confirmatory or exploratory processes. See the internship proposal form [here][26]. - [Open UBC][27] - A curated collection of resources for faculty and students to learn about the why, what and how of open education practices and what they mean to teaching and learning at UBC - The University of Utah Department of Psychology [requires that Masters' proposals be preregistered][28] - Carnegie Mellon University Libraries has an [Open Science Program][29] - Supports collaborative, transparent, and reusable research across all disciplines with digital research tools, trainings, events, outreach and partnership with other campus units, and a team of expert consultants and collaborators. ### Examples of job announcements that mention open science ### - [Department of Psychology, University of Oregon][30] - [Department of Psychology at the Faculty of Human Sciences of the University of Cologne][31] - [Model job language][32] - "Our department embraces the values of open science and strives for replicable and reproducible research. We therefore support transparent research with open data, open material, and pre-registrations. Candidates are asked to describe in what way they have already pursued and/or plan to pursue open science." [from University of Toronto][33] - Add a new question to standardized committee interview: "Describe any steps you have taken to implement the principles of open science in your research" ([Shared][34] by Russell Warne from Utah Valley University) - Additional examples compiled by Felix Schönbrodt here: https://osf.io/7jbnt/ ### Resources ### - "[How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion, and tenure documents?][35]" - "[Assessing scientists for hiring, promotion, and tenure][36]" - [OSF for Institutions][37] is a free scholarly web tool that enhances transparency, fosters collaboration, and increases the visibility of research outputs at the institutional level. - A [leaderboard][38] of universities whose researchers have taken the [Prereg Challenge][39]. ### Current misuse of journal metrics in university decision making ### - [Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations][40] - "We... collected and analyzed [review, promotion, and tenure] documents from a representative sample of 129 universities from the United States and Canada and 381 of their academic units. We found that 40% of doctoral, research-intensive (R-type) institutions and 18% of master’s, or comprehensive (M-type) institutions explicitly mentioned the JIF, or closely related terms, in their RPT documents." - [Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?][41] - "...we analyzed review, promotion, and tenure documents from a representative sample of 129 universities in the US and Canada. Terms and concepts related to public and community are mentioned in a large portion of documents, but mostly in ways that relate to service, which is an undervalued aspect of academic careers." ---------- [1]: https://osf.io/uaw8z/ [2]: https://sfdora.org/sign/ [3]: http://cos.io/top [4]: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm?pg=open-science-policy-platform [5]: https://www.openaire.eu/g7-science-ministers-endorse-open-science [6]: https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/open-access/author-compliance-tool.html [7]: https://sfdora.org/2018/07/06/simple-questions-big-insights-charite-uses-bio-sketch-questions-to-recruit-faculty/ [8]: https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.3000576 [9]: https://www.researchprofessionalnews.com/rr-news-uk-views-of-the-uk-2019-10-promoting-openness/ [10]: https://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2019/november/research-quality.html [11]: http://www.osc.uni-muenchen.de/index.html [12]: https://osf.io/nptd9/ [13]: https://www.smu.edu/dedman/academics/departments/psychology [14]: https://www.smu.edu/-/media/Site/Dedman/Academics/Departments/Psychology/2018/Policy-on-Open-Science-032218.pdf?la=en&hash=81AC2C5C64A648B7D09E137F6AEFB8930E84CA48 [15]: https://open-science.sites.uu.nl/ [16]: http://openscienceguide.tudelft.nl/ [17]: https://www.cit-ec.de/en/open-science/manifesto [18]: https://libguides.asu.edu/openaccess/opendata-science [19]: https://openscholarship.indiana.edu/ [20]: https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/higher-education-science-policy/clearing-the-roadblocks-on-the-way-to-open-science [21]: http://libraryguides.unh.edu/datamanagement/opendata [22]: https://www2.le.ac.uk/services/research-data/find-and-share-data/open-access [23]: http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/policy-and-analysis/research-policy/open-science [24]: http://www.zbw.eu/en/research/science-2-0/ [25]: http://www.uef.fi/en/web/open-uef/avoin-tiede [26]: https://student.uva.nl/rmp/research-projects/internship/internship.html [27]: https://open.ubc.ca/ [28]: https://psych.utah.edu/_documents/graduate/dev-psych-handbook-jan2019.pdf [29]: https://www.library.cmu.edu/datapub/open-science [30]: https://osf.io/3yeqd/ [31]: https://osf.io/erb2y/ [32]: https://osf.io/24xr3/ [33]: https://utoronto.taleo.net/careersection/10050/jobdetail.ftl?job=1803593&tz=GMT-04:00 [34]: https://twitter.com/Russwarne/status/1070521807801729024 [35]: https://hcommons.org/deposits/item/hc:21015/ [36]: http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.2004089&rev=2 [37]: https://cos.io/our-products/osf-institutions/ [38]: https://osf.io/x5w7h/wiki/06%20Leaderboard/ [39]: http://cos.io/prereg [40]: https://peerj.com/preprints/27638/ [41]: https://elifesciences.org/articles/42254
OSF does not support the use of Internet Explorer. For optimal performance, please switch to another browser.
Accept
This website relies on cookies to help provide a better user experience. By clicking Accept or continuing to use the site, you agree. For more information, see our Privacy Policy and information on cookie use.
Accept
×

Start managing your projects on the OSF today.

Free and easy to use, the Open Science Framework supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery.