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## Open Science at Universities ## In order to increase transparency and credibility in science, universities must enable and reward such actions. Below are specific steps, policies, or resources that universities can take to incentive open science. @[toc] ### Policies ### - Template of [TOP Guidelines for research institutes][1]. - Become a signatory of [DORA][2] or [TOP][3]. - [European Open Science Policy Platform][4] - [Recommendations from the G7 Science Ministers][5]: - Include Open Science research indicators and metrics during the evaluation and assessment of researchers - Ensure every researcher’s ability to deposit, access, and analyze scientific data across disciplines and borders - Adhere to the FAIR data principles of being findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable - Train researchers in Open Science and data skills - Develop common good practice standards - This [Author Compliance Tool by Wiley][6] includes university policies about data sharing, preprints, and open access publishing. ### What Universities are Doing to Promote Open Science ### - [Berlin’s Charité University Hospital][7] - [...Incentives to raise awareness and nudge clinicians and researchers toward adopting responsible research and open science practices. For example, any institutional investigator can apply to receive a 1,000-Euro research bonus for publishing a null result, a replication study, a preregistered preclinical study, a paper that reuses data previously published by others, or a study that included patient engagement.][8] - Applicants now answer questions related to a variety of scholarly outputs including open science, team science, and stakeholder engagement. - The [University of Bristol][9] described open science practices in its hiring criteria and is establishing a new [Chair of Academic Research Quality and Improvement and six associated Fellowships][10]. - The [Open Science Center at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München][11] (Ludwig Maximilian University, LMU, of Munich). A result of the work by [their open science committee][12] - [Southern Methodist University, SMU Department of Psychology][13]'s [open science policy][14] - [Towards an Open Science Programme for Utrecht University][15] - [TU Delft Guidelines for Open Science][16] - [The CITEC Open Science Manifesto][17] - [Open Science at Arizona State University][18] - [Open Scholarship at Indiana University Bloomington][19] - [University of Helsinki][20] - [University of New Hampshire][21] - [University of Leicester][22] - [Universities UK][23] - [Leibniz Information Centre for Economics at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel][24] - [University of Eastern Finland][25] - Master's students at the University of Amersterdam Psychology Department must clearly indicate whether or not results arise from confirmatory or exploratory processes. See the internship proposal form [here][26]. - [Open UBC][27] - A curated collection of resources for faculty and students to learn about the why, what and how of open education practices and what they mean to teaching and learning at UBC - The University of Utah Department of Psychology [requires that Masters' proposals be preregistered][28] - Carnegie Mellon University Libraries has an [Open Science Program][29] - Supports collaborative, transparent, and reusable research across all disciplines with digital research tools, trainings, events, outreach and partnership with other campus units, and a team of expert consultants and collaborators. ### Examples of job announcements that mention open science ### - [Department of Psychology, University of Oregon][30] - [Department of Psychology at the Faculty of Human Sciences of the University of Cologne][31] - [Model job language][32] - "Our department embraces the values of open science and strives for replicable and reproducible research. We therefore support transparent research with open data, open material, and pre-registrations. Candidates are asked to describe in what way they have already pursued and/or plan to pursue open science." [from University of Toronto][33] - Add a new question to standardized committee interview: "Describe any steps you have taken to implement the principles of open science in your research" ([Shared][34] by Russell Warne from Utah Valley University) - Additional examples compiled by Felix Schönbrodt here: ### Resources ### - "[How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion, and tenure documents?][35]" - "[Assessing scientists for hiring, promotion, and tenure][36]" - [OSF for Institutions][37] is a free scholarly web tool that enhances transparency, fosters collaboration, and increases the visibility of research outputs at the institutional level. - A [leaderboard][38] of universities whose researchers have taken the [Prereg Challenge][39]. ### Current misuse of journal metrics in university decision making ### - [Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations][40] - "We... collected and analyzed [review, promotion, and tenure] documents from a representative sample of 129 universities from the United States and Canada and 381 of their academic units. We found that 40% of doctoral, research-intensive (R-type) institutions and 18% of master’s, or comprehensive (M-type) institutions explicitly mentioned the JIF, or closely related terms, in their RPT documents." - [Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?][41] - "...we analyzed review, promotion, and tenure documents from a representative sample of 129 universities in the US and Canada. Terms and concepts related to public and community are mentioned in a large portion of documents, but mostly in ways that relate to service, which is an undervalued aspect of academic careers." ---------- [1]: [2]: [3]: [4]: [5]: [6]: [7]: [8]: [9]: [10]: [11]: [12]: [13]: [14]: [15]: [16]: [17]: [18]: [19]: [20]: [21]: [22]: [23]: [24]: [25]: [26]: [27]: [28]: [29]: [30]: [31]: [32]: [33]: [34]: [35]: [36]: [37]: [38]: [39]: [40]: [41]: