This project is now complete. The manuscript reporting this project is now published:
Lehmann, G. K., & Calin-Jageman, R. J. (2017). Is Red Really Romantic? Social Psychology, i(2013), 1–10. [http://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000296]
We are also synthesizing the data from this project with the previous literature via meta-analysis; that project can be found [here].
All data, materials, and SPSS output for this project are availabel via this set of OSF pages. In addition, all registrations of this project may be accessed here. Here is a list of key files.
- [replication recipe checklist - redromance - in person.docx] : pre-registration document for in-person study.
- [replication recipe checklist - redromance - online.docx] : pre-registration document for online study.
- [red romance - codebook.txt] : Codebook explaining each data column. NOTE THAT OSF DOESN'T HANDLE THE ENCODING OF THIS TEXT FILE WELL--download the file or edit in OSF to view it properly.
- [romantic red - In person - anonymous.sav] : Data file for in-person study, males and females.
- [romantic red - online study - anonymous.sav] : Data file for online study, males and femals.
In the files section you will also find qualtrics export files for each study, the actual photos used, analysis scripts to re-produce our SPSS output, and our full SPSS output with annotations.
- [2015/07/23] - Pre-registration prior to launch of online study.
- [2015/07/27] - Pre-registration prior to launch of online study. A second pre-registration because not all exclusion criteria were specified in first pre-registration. Data collection for the online study began *after* this registration.
- [2015/09/17] - Pre-registration prior to launch of in-person study. Data collection for the in-person study began *after* this registration.
For each pre-registration, check the files section to find the replication recipe document that was uploaded and controlling for the conduct of that study.
The goal of this project was to a conduct a high-powered and precise replication of the effect of red on attractiveness. Specifically, this project attempted to replicate two findings. The first, conducted by Elliot and Niesta (2008), found a link between presence of the color red and increased ratings of attractiveness of women, when viewed by men. The followup to this study, conducted by Elliot, Kayser, Greitemeyer, Lichtenfeld, Gramzow, Maier, and Liu (2010) found the same effect to be present in women viewing men in presence of the color red.
This project examined both types of red effects (women rating photos of men; men rating photos of women).
Two different replications were completed:
* An online MTurk Study
* An in-person study
We developed this replication primarily from Study 3 in the 2008 paper (same materials, same DVs, etc. for this study of men rating women). This study was selected because it uses 2 photos rather than 1, and has 3 DVs related to attractiveness (attractiveness, sexual attraction, and likeability). For women rating men, we used the same design (2 photos, 3 DVs) as the 2008 Exp 3 for men, but with the photos from experiments 1 and 3 of the 2010 study.
In addition, we have added important controls from across the 2008 and 2010 study (e.g. check for colorblind, check for sexual orientation).
Although the overall experiment combines across elements of the 2008 and 2010 papers, the essential details of the study represent precise replications.
Elliot, A. J., Niesta, D. (2008). Romantic red: Red enhances men’s attraction to women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95 (5), 1150-1164.
Elliot, A. J., Kayser, D. N., Greitemeyer, T., Lichtenfeld, S., Gramzow, R. H., Maier, M. A., & Liu, H. (2010). Red, rank, and romance in women viewing men. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 139, (3), 399-417.