With the estimated number of people diagnosed with Major Depressive
Disorder (MDD) reaching 264 million by 2017 (ADAA, 2020), it is essential
for clinicians to accurately diagnose MDD. The most commonly used scale in
MDD diagnostics is Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II), which
adheres to the definition from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5). ...