Equation of State for the Lennard-Jones Truncated and Shifted Fluid with a Cut-off Radius of 2.5 σ based on Perturbation Theory and its Applications to Interfacial Thermodynamics

  1. Michaela Heier
  2. Simon Stephan
  3. Jinlu Liu
  4. Walter G. Chapman
  5. Hans Hasse
  6. Kai Langenbach

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Description: An equation of state is presented for describing thermodynamic properties of the Lennard-Jones truncated and shifted (LJTS) potential with a cut-off radius of 2.5 σ. It is developed using perturbation theory with a hard-sphere reference term and labelled with the acronym PeTS (perturbed truncated and shifted). The PeTS equation of state describes the properties of the bulk liquid and vapour and the corresponding equilibrium of the LJTS fluid well. Furthermore, it is developed so that it can be used safely in the entiremetastable and unstable region, which is an advantage compared to existing LJTS equations of state. This makes the PeTS equation of state an interesting candidate for studies of interfacial properties. The PeTS equation of state is applied here in two theories of interfaces, namely density gradient theory (DGT) and density functional theory (DFT). The influence parameter of DGT as well as the interaction averaging diameter of DFT are fitted to data of the surface tension of the LJTS fluid obtained from molecular simulation. The results from both theories agree very well with those from the molecular simulations.

License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International


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