What is Boredom? The Motivational and Attentional Components (MAC) Model


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What is boredom? We present a new model in which boredom is an affective indicator of unsuccessful attentional engagement in valued goal-congruent activity. Boredom consists of (a) an attentional component, or mismatches between cognitive demands and mental resources and (b) a motivational component, or mistmatches between activities and valued goals. In two correlational studies (Study 1 n = 245;...


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