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<p><strong>Original citation.</strong> Reynolds, M., & Besner, D. (2008). Contextual effects on reading aloud: Evidence for pathway control. <em>Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition</em>, 34(1), 50.</p> <p><strong>Target of replication.</strong> The current study seeks to replicate the finding that participants do not exhibit a delay in response when switching between pronouncing regular words and pronouncing nonwords.</p> <p><strong>A priori replication criteria.</strong> A successful replication would find no delay in response when switching between pronouncing regular words (i.e., words that sound like they look) and pronouncing nonwords. </p> <p><strong>Materials, Data, and Report.</strong> Study materials can be found in the <a href="http://openscienceframework.org/project/HaSFu/node/ZhnXA/" rel="nofollow">materials component</a> of this project. Raw data and the analysis script are found in the <a href="http://openscienceframework.org/project/HaSFu/node/ahW6U/" rel="nofollow">dataset</a> node. A <a href="http://openscienceframework.org/project/HaSFu/files/Reynolds__Besner_2008_Replication_Report_Pre-Data_Collection.pdf" rel="nofollow">preliminary report</a> (from before data collection) is available in the files section of this node. The <a href="https://osf.io/hasfu/osffiles/Reynolds__Besner_2008_-_Post-Data_Collection_Final_Report.pdf/" rel="nofollow">full report</a> and other materials is also in the files section of this node.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> In the current study, we attempted to replicate the primary result from Reynolds & Besner (2008), wherein there was no delay in responding when switching between stimulus categories while reading words and nonwords aloud. This effect was produced at two levels of analysis – participant-level, and stimulus item-level. In our replication with high power and a similar sample, we partially replicated the original results. We conducted both participant-level and item-level analyses and found that there was no significant evidence for a switch cost at the participant-level, but there was a switch cost when the data was analyzed at an item level. Lastly, there was an unexpected interaction between switch cost and stimulus type (i.e., word or nonword) when the data was analyzed at the participant level but not at the stimulus item level. Participants read words more slowly after a switch, but read nonwords at a similar speed regardless of whether there was a switch.</p>
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