Study 1 - Knowledge Scale Validation
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Description: The goal of this study is to develop and validate the Youth Social Media Literacy Inventory (YSMLI) for children aged between 9 to 13 years. Based on an extended literature review and a continuous validation with both educators and youth, we have developed a 90-item bank that covers factual and critical knowledge in relation to social media and digital citizenship in six areas: advertisement, cyberbullying, digital footprint/privacy, news/fake news, phishing, and media balancing. After qualitative pretests and initial evaluations by experts, this survey study evaluates all 90 items (15 per dimension) and develops scales of different length and usability that exhibits good reliability and validity.