Incremental validity of Useful Field of View subtests for the prediction of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living


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Description: Introduction: The Useful Field of View Test (UFOV®) is a cognitive measure that predicts older adults' ability to perform a range of everyday activities. However, little is known about the individual contribution of each subtest to these predictions and the underlying constructs of UFOV performance remain a topic of debate. Method: We investigated the incremental validity of UFOV subtests for the prediction of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) performance in two independent datasets, the SKILL (n = 828) and ACTIVE (n = 2426) studies. We, then, explored the cognitive and visual abilities assessed by UFOV using a range of neuropsychological and vision tests administered in the SKILL study. Results: In the four subtest variant of UFOV, only subtests 2 and 3 consistently made independent contributions to the prediction of IADL performance across three different behavioral measures. In all cases, the incremental validity of UFOV subtests 1 and 4 was negligible. Furthermore, we found that UFOV was related to processing speed, general non-speeded cognition, and visual function; the omission of subtests 1 and 4 from the test score did not affect these associations. Conclusions: UFOV subtests 1 and 4 appear to be of limited use to predict IADL and possibly other everyday activities. Future experimental research should investigate if shortening the UFOV by omitting these subtests is a reliable and valid assessment approach.


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