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<p><strong>These guidelines are under active development and under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="nofollow">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/</a>). You may use the guidelines for your own research, and if there are any queries contact the lead authors Jade Pickering and Marta Topor (details are on our website https://niro-sr.netlify.app/).</strong></p> <p><strong>Please do cite the guidelines with the appropriate doi from this OSF page if you use them <a href="http://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/F3BRW" rel="nofollow">http://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/F3BRW</a></strong></p> <h3>Non-Interventional, Reproducible, and Open (NIRO) Systematic Reviews</h3> <p>The NIRO guidelines for systematic reviews aim to fill a gap in evidence synthesis. To date, much of the focus of systematic reviews has been on interventional research, particularly in clinical and health settings. We aim to provide a set of guidelines addressing this unmet need, and we're releasing our first version now. The accompanying paper will be made available as a pre-print in the near future but, in brief, we created an item bank of existing guidelines similar to the method used for PRISMA's 2020 update <a href="https://osf.io/a5y3p/" rel="nofollow">here</a>. We then used the best of these to inform our own items, modified others, and created some of our own. In essence, NIRO is a product of us standing on the shoulders of giants.</p> <p>The guidelines consist of two parts: <em> <strong>Part A:</strong> Preparing the Protocol for Pre-Registration </em> <strong>Part B:</strong> Writing the Review</p> <p>The guidelines are available here in .pdf and as an editable .doc: <a href="https://osf.io/c9wer/" rel="nofollow">https://osf.io/c9wer/</a></p> <h3>Pre-registration guidance</h3> <h4>Why should you pre-register your protocol?</h4> <p>Pre-registration is becoming the new standard practice among many disciplines. Pre-registering your systematic review protocol constrains biases and questionable research practices (such as selective reporting) that can undermine robust research synthesis. When the protocol is made public, it enhances the discoverability of your work and helps others to evaluate the quality of your review.</p> <h4>When should you pre-register your protocol?</h4> <p>You must pre-register your protocol before conducting the final search. Initial scoping searches which may inform your final search strategy can be conducted before pre-registration.</p> <h4>Where can you pre-register your protocol?</h4> <p>It is your decision to choose the platform to pre-register your protocol. The most commonly used open-source platforms include: Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) - a platform designed for pre-registering systematic reviews. Open Science Framework (OSF) - a platform which hosts research materials including pre-registrations, pre-prints, data and supplementary materials.</p> <h4>What if you need to make changes after the protocol has been pre-registered?</h4> <p>Any changes that need to be made after pre-registration (for example, you decided to change the data management software) must be reported and justified in the Transparency section of your review. If you realise that the initial protocol needs significant changes you should consider updating your pre-registration. All versions of your pre-registration should be linked and refer back to the original pre-registration.</p> <h2>Release Notes</h2> <h3>NIRO v0.1.1</h3> <p>Minor fix: * Added CC-BY license and citation information to the document for ease of understanding</p> <h3>NIRO v0.1</h3> <ul> <li>Our first release!</li> </ul>
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