Goal motives, goal-regulatory processes, psychological needs, and well-being: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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Description: The SCM literature has consistently found evidence for the hypothesized effects of goal motives on goal regulation, goal attainment, and well-being (Sheldon et. al., 2004b, 2020). However, so far there has not been a meta-analysis to synthesize all of the studies and their effects. Nevertheless, some work has been done with parts of the SCM model. For example, Gaudreau et al. (2012) conducted a meta-analysis with 15 independent samples. The results showed that self-concordance (operationalized as the difference between autonomous and controlled motives) and autonomous goal motives were significantly associated with goal progress. Moreover, when self-regulatory processes (i.e., effort, progress, action planning, social skills, life-management skills) were accounted for, the link between self-concordance and goal progress became nonsignificant, meaning that self-regulatory processes fully mediated the relationship between self-concordance and goal progress. Although Gaudreau et al.’s meta-analysis is informative, it included a limited number of goal regulatory processes, and did not include psychological need satisfaction and well-being. Furthermore, the literature has increased substantially since 2012. Furthermore, our meta-analysis will enable the identification of moderator variables that strengthen or weaken the relationship between goal motives and the aforementioned outcomes. We argue that this moderation analysis has both theoretical and applied implications (e.g., in education or sport).