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<p><strong>Original citation.</strong> Eitam, B., Hassin, R. R., & Schul, Y. (2008). Nonconscious goal pursuit in novel environments: The case of implicit learning. <em>Psychological Science, 19</em>, 261-267.</p> <p><strong>Target of replication</strong>. The target finding is that those in the goal-priming condition showed enhanced learning on the implicit learning task compared to those in the control condition. This enhanced learning occurred in the absence of differences between the two groups with respect to explicit motivation or explicit knowledge of learning.</p> <p><strong>A priori replication criteria</strong>. A successful replication would find significantly enhanced learning on the implicit learning task compared to those in the control condition. The replication is powered to detect the effect size found in the original study: Cohen's d of .45.</p> <p><strong>Materials, Data, and Report</strong>. Study materials and methods can be found in the study materials component of this project and the data, analysis syntax, and analysis output can be found in the dataset section. The final report has been included here: <a href="https://osf.io/x75fq/" rel="nofollow">https://osf.io/x75fq/</a>.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>. The primary result from the confirmatory analysis was that nonconscious goal pursuit, accomplished through implicit priming with goal-directed words, did not facilitate the learning of a complex implicit learning task. There was not a significant difference in implicit learning between those who were primed with goal-directed words and those who were not, t(156) = -1.318, p = .189, d = -0.21. In fact, the direction of the non-significant effect found was opposite to that of the original study. Thus, the present study failed to replicate the original result. It is possible that this difference is related to differences in the populations from which the two studies were drawn. The original study was conducted with students at a University in Israel who were somewhat older than the students used in the replication study who were selected from a University in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.</p>
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