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<p>Liquid Helium is used widely, from hospitals to characterization of materials to low temperatures. Many experiments at low temperatures require liquid Helium, particularly when vibration isolation precludes the use of cryocoolers and when one needs to cool heavy equipment such as superconducting coils. Here we describe methods to simplify the operations required to use liquid Helium by eliminating the use of high pressure bottles, avoiding blockage and improving heating and cooling rates. First we show a simple and very low cost method to transfer liquid helium from a transport container into a cryostat that uses a manual pump having pumping and pressurizing ports, giving a liquid helium transfer rate of about 100 liters an hour. Second, we describe a closed cycle circuit of helium gas cooled in an external liquid nitrogen bath that allows precooling a cryogenic experiment without inserting liquid nitrogen into the cryostat. And third, we show a sliding seal assembly and an inner vacuum chamber design that allows inserting large experiments into liquid Helium. </p>
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