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<p>Despite their reputation as suboptimal learning events, recent evidence has shown that true-false tests can enhance learning and be optimized to promote both retention and transfer (Brabec, Pan, Bjork, & Bjork, under review). The present investigation examined whether true-false tests might also function as effective pretests. Before reading two educational passages, participants completed a conventional true-false pretest regarding one of the passages. On a final cued-recall test, and relative to control performance, the evaluation of true items (e.g., T/F? Rhea has its own ring system.) enhanced the extent to which participants recalled tested information (e.g., Which moon has its own ring system?), and the evaluation of false items (e.g., T/F? The Cassini Division is the area between Saturn’s A Ring and F Ring.) enhanced the extent to which participants recalled related information (e.g., What is the area between Saturn’s A Ring and B Ring?), a pattern consistent with prior observations. Although future work should examine whether and how true-false pretests might be further optimized, these findings lend further credence to the utility of true-false tests as learning devices.</p>
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