What Drives Increases in Hindsight Impressions After the Reception of Biased Media Content?

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Description: After learning about an event outcome, people often mistakenly believe that the outcome was more likely, more inevitable, and more foreseeable than they had before learning it. Our study demonstrates that reading media content which itself is suggestive of the event outcome can increase these impressions through repetitive coverage and provision of novel information. This finding is relevant as increased hindsight impressions are associated with increased responsibility and blame attributions.


Prior research has shown that reading biased media content (e.g., Wikipedia articles) can increase recipients’ hindsight bias. It remained unclear, however, which features of the biased texts led to such an increase. We examined this question in a longitudinal experimental study (N = 190). Specifically, we tested whether repeated exposure to already known information (H1), a more coherent presenta...


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