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<p>In the past several decades, there has been a growing interest concerning the relationship between memory processes and eating behavior. Several studies have demonstrated that memory of a previous meal can influence and even reduce future food consumption, but less is known about the determinants of memory of eating. The present two experiments used a novel procedure called the Memory of Eating Task to determine factors that influence memory of eating. In this task, participants watched a film while being cued to eat food on a predetermined and fixed schedule to ensure an identical eating experience for all participants. After watching the film, participants completed a distractor task and were then asked to recall the number of food items they ate. In two pre-registered studies (N1 = 159, N2 = 128), we found that higher calorie foods (M&M’s and peanuts) were better remembered than lower calorie foods (popcorn) (t(157) = 3.33, p &lt; 0.01) and that a slower eating rate resulted in more accurate memory of eating compared to a faster eating rate. These findings provide important theoretical implications and suggest that eating interventions may be developed to target memory of eating.</p>
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