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I replicated Exp. 1 of Saffran, Newport, & Aslin (1996)
Word segmentation: The role of distributional cues,
of Memory and Language, 35, 606-621, after a prior, largely unsuccessful replication attempt (Garcia et al., 2017, Replication of Saffran, Newport, & Aslin (1996) Word segmentation: The role of distributional cues, Exp. 1. PsyArXiv doi:10.17605/OSF.IO/QSYD2). The present replication corrected a randomization error in the prior replication and introduced attention checks to ensure that the participants were indeed attending to the stimuli. Despite this, and despite a much larger sample than the original (100 subjects vs. 24), evidence of successful segmentation was once again weak and mixed, and none of the item or condition effects replicated. I consider whether this is more likely to be a failure of replication or a failure of generalization (e.g., to a different population).
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