User Engagement in mHealth apps for People with Schizophrenia Illness Self-management: a scoping review
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Description: Over the past decade, there has been an increase of available mobile apps designed for mental health proposes. At the same time, mHealth has been perceived as a promising tool to help people with schizophrenia to manage their illness. However, adoption rates are relatively low and long-term user engagement is a major issue. The aim of this study is to identify and better understand what strategies and factors may influence user engagement and how to facilitate prolonged use of mobile apps for people with schizophrenia. A scoping review will be conducted in accordance with the Arksey and O’Malley scoping review framework and the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Systematic literature searches of IEEE Explore, Academic Search Complete, Web of Science, and PubMed will be performed with focus in the last ten years. Data will be charted and synthesized, and a narrative synthesis will be conducted. This scoping review will provide a broad overview regarding user engagement strategies used by these apps, the factors that affect user engagement and how is this issue being measured. Findings will be used to identify guidelines to improve existing mobile apps or to develop new applications that can effectively support mental health and recovery.