Diet quality, Food Insecurity, and Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults Living with HIV/AIDS: a scoping review protocol

  1. Sharmilah Booley
  2. Alastair Duncan
Affiliated institutions: University of Cape Town

Date created: | Last Updated:


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Description: Globally, Cardiovascular diseases are the highest cause of death. The successful introduction and scale up of the antiretroviral therapy brought a reduction in the rate of HIV mortality, this consequently increased the prevalence of comorbidities such as obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and others. The WHO reported that about 1.13 billion people have hypertension worldwide. Hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia have been listed as the top risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and must be addressed. Diet quality refers to the degree to which an individual or population’s food consumption conform with dietary guidelines and recommendation within a defined context. A healthy diet can delay the Onset of comorbidities related to HIV infection. The aim of the review is to synthesize evidence available for the association between diet quality and risk of cardiovascular diseases among people living with HIV/AIDS while identifying diet quality indices that have been used for this population.


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