Background: Depression is the leading cause of disability in adolescents and a potent risk factor for adolescent suicide. Evidence-based treatments are available; however, many clinics do not provide guidelines-based treatments. Integrated Care Pathways (ICPs) are treatment algorithms based on the highest quality practice guidelines intended to facilitate the delivery of evidence-based treatment at the clinic level. Our group has already tested the feasibility of ICP for adolescent depression at an academic setting. There is still uncertainty regarding whether ICPs lead to improved outcomes in adolescent depression in community setting relative to typical care. Objective: The current study aim is to test the effectiveness of an ICP for adolescent depression, called the CARIBOU-2 intervention, versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) in community settings. This study will also examine important implementation outcomes. Method: The primary participants will be adolescents (N= 648), between the ages of 13 to 18 with depressive symptoms, presenting to one of six selected community mental health agencies. Through a stepped wedge design, all sites will begin in the TAU condition and transition to the ICP condition in a randomized sequence. The primary clinical outcome of interest is the difference between treatment groups in the rate of change of depressive symptoms from baseline to 24-week endpoint as measured by the Childhood Depression Rating Scale—Revised. Secondary outcomes include rate of change of functional improvement, as measured by the Children’s Global Assessment Scale, and caregiver-rated internalizing symptoms as rated by the Childhood Behaviour Checklist. This study will also be examining the following implementation outcomes: feasibility, fidelity cost and acceptability. Relevance: Should our results be consistent with our hypotheses, systematic implementation of the CARIBOU-2 intervention to other community mental health agencies would be indicated. Key Words: Adolescent, Depression, Integrated Care Pathway, Measurement-Based Care, Implementation
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