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Childrens' Self-Control and their Adult Economic Outcomes  We survey individuals who participated in the “marshmallow test” delay of gratification studies, and we examine how their ability to wait for the treat as preschoolers and how their self-control as rated by themselves and their parents at several different ages relates to a range of later-life economic outcomes. Specifically, our sample consists of 113 individuals who participated in the Bing School Research Longitudinal Project (Mischel, Ebbesen, and Zeiss, 1972; Mischel, Shoda, and Rodriguez, 1989) when aged 3-6 years old and responded to our survey when aged 42-49. We administered the survey online during January 2012 - September 2013.