Robust acoustic cues indicate upcoming structure in active and passive sentences


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Description: Native English speakers consistently and reliably produce longer verb stems in passive sentences than in progressive actives.


At the surface level, progressive active and passive sentences are morphologically identical through the verb stem. In the example below, the identical regions are marked in bold font: The dog was punching the bear (progressive active) The dog was punched by the bear (passive) There is evidence that these regions are not acoustically identical: passive verb stems were longer than progressive act...


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