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Fragments (“Your ticket, please!”) can communicate the same meaning as a full sentences (“Show me your ticket, please!”) do. But why and when do we use fragments? We hypothesize that, following Levy & Jaeger's (2007) Uniform Information Density hypothesis, specifically those parts of the utterance which are predictable are omitted. We addressed this with a rating study that shows that fragments are relatively preferred if they refer to an event which is likely given the previous ones in a script-based context. The rating study is complemented with a production study that confirms our utterance likelihood estimates.
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