This archive relates to the paper ‘If men were angels, no government would be necessary’: intuitive theories of social motivation and preference for authoritarian leaders' by Daniel Nettle and Rebecca Saxe. It contains pre-registered protocols plus data and R code for the experimental studies. For the World Values Survey study, the R code is included here but the data need to be obtained from the World Values Survey website. Please note that as the work was being done, the four experiments were numbered studies 1, 2, 3, 4, and the World Values Survey study was numbered 5. In the final paper, we changed the order so that the experimenets are numbered 1, 3, 4, 5 and the World Values Survey study is 2. The R scripts and protocols are titled with the old numbers, but the component numbers correspond to those in the paper.