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Intellect is an important personality trait, especially with regards to the prediction and explanation of intellectual performance, such as occupational or academic success. However, much less is known about the development of intellect. The goal of this study is to investigate changes in intellect during a critical period: The transition from school to vocation. The study is conducted in cooperation with the provider of a career counseling test, which provided the opportunity for recruiting a large and heterogeneous sample in a longitudinal design across two years, with the first measuring time before graduation. We are focusing on both, selection and socialization effects with regards to a number of different characteristics, including subjective and objective attributes of the education and profession; attitudes regarding the malleability of personality traits; as well as personality traits beyond intellect, especially including the Big Five and intelligence.