The COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ): Introducing a comprehensive measure of the psychosocial impact of the current coronavirus crisis
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Description: The COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ) is a newly developed and highly comprehensive self-report measure of personal and social consequences of the COVID-19-pandemic with an application scope world-wide. The questionnaire covers a wide range of areas of interest affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; that is, COVID-19 infection status, socio-demographic background, and the impact on risk perception, affect, thoughts, behaviour, mental health, media usage, institutional trust and social cohesion. It takes around 20 minutes to complete. We apply the CoPaQ questionnaire concurrently with well validated questionnaires assessing the following domains: depression, anxiety, stress, paranoia, quality of life, rumination, loneliness, size of the social network, childhood trauma, and resilience. We suggest three batteries of different duration. • The long version (max. 15 min) comprises measures of anxiety, depression and stress (DASS-21), paranoia (R-GPTS), quality of life (WHO-5), rumination (PTQ), loneliness (UCLA Loneliness Scale), size of social network (SNI), childhood trauma (CTQ-SF), and resilience (BRS). • The medium version (max. 10 min) includes the DASS-21, R-GPTS, WHO-5, UCLA Loneliness Scale, and SNI. • The short version (max. 5 min) contains the DASS-21, R-GPTS, and WHO-5. The CoPaQ was developed in a collaborative effort between the Ludwig Maximilian University Munich (GER) and the University of Oxford (UK). We appreciate translation efforts into other languages and encourage its use, but appreciate referencing our work via this OSF repository reference (DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/3EVN9). The questionnaire batteries are available in English and German language (feel free to contact email@example.com). References COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ): Rek, S., Freeman, D., Reinhard, M., Keeser, D., & Padberg, F. (2020).The Covid-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ): Introducing a comprehensive measure of the psychosocial impact of the coronavirus crisis. Depression, Anxiety und Stress Scales: (DASS-21): Lovibond, S.H. & Lovibond, P.F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety & Stress Scales. (2nd Ed.) Sydney: Psychology Foundation. Revised-Green et al Paranoid Thoughts Scale (R-GPTS): Freeman, D., Loe, B. S., Kingdon, D., Startup, H., Molodynski, A., Rosebrock, L., Brown, P., Sheaves, B., Waite, F., Bird J. C. (2020). The Revised Green et al Paranoid Thoughts Scale (R-GPTS): Psychometric Properties, Severity Ranges, and Clinical Cut-offs. Psychological Medicine. WHO (Five) Well-Being Index (WHO-5): Regional Office for Europe WHO. Use of Well-Being Measures in Primary Health Care - The DepCare Project. Health for All, Target 12, 1998 [http://www.who.dk/document/e60246.pdf] Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Ehring, T., Zetsche, U., Weidacker, K., Wahl, K., Schönfeld, S., & Ehlers, A. (2011). The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 42(2), 225-232. (GERMAN: Ehring et al., 2011). Social Network Index (SNI): Cohen, S., Doyle, W. J., Skoner, D. P., Rabin, B. S., and Gwaltney, J. M., Jr. (1997). Social ties and susceptibility to the common cold. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, 1940-1944. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, 1940-1944. UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA): Russell, D., Peplau, L. A., & Ferguson, M. L. (1978). Developing a measure of loneliness. Journal of personality assessment,42(3), 290-294. Social Network Index (SNI): Cohen, S., Doyle, W. J., Skoner, D. P., Rabin, B. S., and Gwaltney, J. M., Jr. (1997). Social ties and susceptibility to the common cold. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, 1940-1944. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, 1940-1944. Child Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF). Bernstein, D. P., Stein, J. A., Newcomb, M. D., Walker, E., Pogge, D., Ahluvalia, T., ... & Zule, W. (2003). Development and validation of a brief screening version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Child abuse & neglect, 27(2), 169-190. Brief Resilience Scale (BRS): Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., & Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: assessing the ability to bounce back. International journal of behavioral medicine, 15(3), 194-200.