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Numerical Cognition describes the processes that one uses to assimilate, ascribe and
manipulate numerical information. This chapter is organised into two sections. The first
draws heavily on data from Developmental and Experimental Psychology. We use this to
outline core findings related to processing numerical information in humans. In particular, we
describe the trajectory of the acquisition of basic numerical skills. Starting in early infancy,
we outline the processes that are believed to underlie non-symbolic representation. Next, we
summarise core studies that examine the representation of symbolic quantities (Arabic
system). Lastly, we briefly report the relationship between basic numerical processing and
mathematical achievement. The second part of the chapter explores evidence from
Neuropsychology and Neuroscience. The core methodological approaches used are briefly
outlined with sign-posting to relevant literature. Next, we examine data from early lesion
studies, followed by a short review of one of the most influential models in the study of
Numerical Cognition, the Triple Code Model. Lastly, we look at the neurocognitive features
of number, such as different modes of representation and the processing of quantity.
Throughout, the core literature plus recent advances are summarised, giving the reader a
thorough grounding in the Neurocognitive Bases of Numerical Cognition.
This preprint outlines a forthcoming chapter on the subject of ‘Numerical Cognition’ for inclusion in the forthcoming work tentatively entitled Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Fourth Edition, Volume Three: Language & Thought (the “Work”), authored/edited by Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, due to be published by JOHN WILEY and SONS in 2017