The Neurocognitive Bases of Numerical Cognition

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Description: Numerical Cognition describes the processes that one uses to assimilate, ascribe and manipulate numerical information. This chapter is organised into two sections. The first draws heavily on data from Developmental and Experimental Psychology. We use this to outline core findings related to processing numerical information in humans. In particular, we describe the trajectory of the acquisition of basic numerical skills. Starting in early infancy, we outline the processes that are believed to underlie non-symbolic representation. Next, we summarise core studies that examine the representation of symbolic quantities (Arabic system). Lastly, we briefly report the relationship between basic numerical processing and mathematical achievement. The second part of the chapter explores evidence from Neuropsychology and Neuroscience. The core methodological approaches used are briefly outlined with sign-posting to relevant literature. Next, we examine data from early lesion studies, followed by a short review of one of the most influential models in the study of Numerical Cognition, the Triple Code Model. Lastly, we look at the neurocognitive features of number, such as different modes of representation and the processing of quantity. Throughout, the core literature plus recent advances are summarised, giving the reader a thorough grounding in the Neurocognitive Bases of Numerical Cognition. This preprint outlines a forthcoming chapter on the subject of ‘Numerical Cognition’ for inclusion in the forthcoming work tentatively entitled Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Fourth Edition, Volume Three: Language & Thought (the “Work”), authored/edited by Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, due to be published by JOHN WILEY and SONS in 2017

This project represents an accepted preprint submitted to PsyArXiv . Learn more about how to work with preprint files. View preprint

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