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Job crafting describes a set of pro-active behaviors in which individuals alter their work and work environment. We performed a literature search of longitudinal studies and randomized controlled trials estimating the effect of job crafting on work outcomes. We found thirteen studies that measured a diverse number of outcomes, but only for work engagement were there a sufficient number of studies for meta-analysis. We performed a random-effects meta-analysis on the effect of job crafting on work engagement that showed a significant association between increased job crafting and increased work engagement, but the effect size was relatively modest. We conclude the paper with a general discussion of the state of job crafting research including several critiques of the literature and a call for large randomized controlled trial interventions.