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The Delaware Pain Database is a fully characterized, diverse series of photographs of 127 female and 113 male identified targets with an emphasis on painful and neutral expressions. The database is comprised of 229 publicly available unique painful expressions from 240 individual targets. While the prompts used to generate these expressions were focused on painful experiences, many of these expressions were ultimately rated as resembling other emotions (e.g., anger, fear, happiness), and could be used as such. All targets and expressions have been normed by an independent sample across a variety of relevant dimensions.
In addition to our primary database, we provide a separate database of computer-rendered expressions of pain that may be applied to any neutral face photograph, as well as computer rendered images of expressions of pain using photographs from our primary database.
All information regarding norming, production, and development of the database may be found in the files herein.