1. Michał Pieniak
  2. Judit Martínez Molina
  3. Ondra Pešout
  4. Frank Scharnowski
  5. Andrew Nicholson

Date created: | Last Updated:


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Category: Uncategorized

Description: We created German, Spanish, Polish & Czech versions of the Perceived Vulnerability to Disease Scale (PVD, Duncan et al., 2009) and the Identification With All Humanity Scale (IWAH, McFarland et al., 2012) , reviewed by native speakers and used by Eder et al. (2020) in a population of 254 individuals from Austria, Spain, Poland, and Czech Republik. Basic information and internal consistencies are reported. The translated questionnaires are openly available here and on Researchgate (

License: CC-By Attribution 4.0 International


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